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Anti-bias Framework

Perspectives follows a "backwards design" approach that begins with the anti-bias anchor standards and grade-level outcomes from the Teaching Tolerance Anti-bias Framework (ABF).

The ABF is organized into four domains: Identity, Diversity, Justice and Action. The domains represent a spectrum of social justice education goals inspired by Louise Derman-Sparks' 1989 book, Anti-Bias Education: Tools for Empowering Young Children (NAEYC).

The ABF includes 20 anchor standards, five within each domain. Each anchor standard has corresponding grade-level outcomes for K-2, 3-5, 6-8 and 9-12. School-based scenarios show what anti-bias attitudes and behavior might look like in students.

Understanding the Anti-bias Domains


Students will understand the multiple facets of their identities, know where those traits come from, and feel comfortable being themselves in a diversity of settings.


Students will recognize the diversity of people in the world, be able to identify differences and commonalities, express interest in the lived experiences of others and develop genuine connections with others.


Students will be aware of bias and injustice, both individual and systemic, will understand the short and long-term impact of injustice, and will know about those who have fought for more fairness and justice in our world.


Students will feel confident that they can make a difference in society and will commit to taking action against bias and injustice even when it is not popular or easy.